The state of job-related training in the EU

The Statistical Office of the European Union, Eurostat recently published figures about the state of job-related training in the EU. Although the data is from 2016, some figures are quite interesting.

One third of co-workers were trained

In 2016, almost one third of employed persons in the European Union participated in training courses related to their work. The training includes non-formal vocational education, as well as formal courses and seminars. These were aimed at improvement of knowledge, skills, competences and qualifications for professional reasons.

The Netherlands (61%), Sweden (59%) and Finland (58%) had the highest participation rates in job-related training. The lowest rates were in Greece and Romania (8% each) as well as Italy (11%).

EU participation in job-related training

But not all were trained equally

The higher the formal education level of the co-worker, the higher his participation in job-related training is. 46% of co-workers with a higher education participated in job-related training. At medium education levels, this percentage drops to 28% of co-workers. Of those with lower secondary or primary education, only 16% participated in training on the job.

Participation in job-related training is higher among employed people aged 25-34 (36%) than for the age groups 19-24 (32%) and 35-64 (31%).

In almost all Member States, the share of women in employment who attend job-related training is higher than the share of men. The largest differences are in the Baltic States: Estonia 51% women / 39% men, Lithuania 44% women / 31% men, and Latvia 39% women / 29% men.

Reasons for non-participation in job-related training

non-participation in job-related training

The most common reason for not participating in training is that of time (reported by seventeen Member States). This was mainly the case in the United Kingdom (98%), Greece (79%), Poland and Slovenia (60% each).

Lack of interest was the prevailing reason in Latvia (32%), Austria (28%) and Spain (27%).
Estonia (49%), France (41%) and Germany (25%) mainly reported that no training was provided by the employer.
Sweden (30%) reported that lack of suitable programmes was a constraint and in Denmark financial constraints (27%) were the main reason that job-related training was not taken up.

Adapted from Eurostat

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